Bernese Convention, also Berne, International Convention on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, International Copyright Agreement, adopted by an international conference in Bern in 1886 and amended several times thereafter (Berlin, 1908); Rome, 1928; Brussels, 1948; Stockholm, 1967; And Paris, 1971). The signatories to the convention form the Bernese Copyright Union. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, commonly known as the Berne Convention, is an international copyright agreement that was first adopted in Bern, Switzerland, in 1886.  Since almost all nations are members of the World Trade Organization, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights requires non-members to accept almost all the terms of the Berne Agreement. The members of the Executive Committee shall be elected from among the members of the Union, with the exception of Switzerland, which shall be an ex officio member. The Berne Convention contains a number of specific exceptions to copyright, which are dispersed in several provisions due to the historical reason for the Berne negotiations. Thus, Article 10(2) allows Bernese members to provide in their statutes for an `exception to education`. The exception is limited to use to illustrate the object being taught and must relate to the teaching activity.  Nor can Bernese members easily create new copyright contracts to meet the realities of the digital world, as the Berne Convention also prohibits contracts that are incompatible with their rules.  A “termination” or withdrawal from the treaty is also not a realistic option for most nations, given that membership in Bern is a prerequisite for joining the World Trade Organization. Lawyer Dr Rebecca Giblin argued that one path of reform left for Bernese members is to “get out the front door”. The Berne Convention only obliges Member States to comply with their rules for works published in other Member States, and not for works published within their borders. Thus, Member States may, in accordance with the law, introduce national copyright laws that contain elements prohibited by Bern (such as.B.
registration formalities) as long as they apply only to their own authors. . . .