The TiSA text unambiguously calls for global companies to have full “market access” and for rules that may limit their participation in the provision of services to be swept aside. Article I-3 provides that governments shall not limit the size of an enterprise`s role in a given market or the nature of the legal person it may occupy. This means, for example, that countries cannot insist that schools or hospitals be run only by non-profit organisations. The EU has been particularly interested in achieving this level of liberalisation and presented a paper in 2012 calling for countries` market access obligations “to cover essentially all sectors and modes of transport” and “if there are performance requirements in practice and/or legislation, they should be removed”. While services currently account for more than two-thirds of global output and employment, they account for no more than 25% of total trade on a balance of payments basis. But this proportion – apparently modest – should not be underestimated. Indeed, balance of payments statistics do not cover any of the types of supply of services defined in the GATS, namely supply by a commercial presence in another country (mode 3). Moreover, even though they are increasingly self-negotiated, services are also essential inputs for the production of goods and, as a result, value-added services account for about 50% of world trade. Canada is working to increase TISA parties` obligations on environmental services and to make cleaner practices more accessible and widespread to complement the trade liberalization efforts negotiated under the WTO Environmental Goods Agreement (ESA). Canada`s efforts to achieve an ambitious outcome on environmental services are covered by this market access request to all TISA Parties: in addition, in the Air Services Annex, measures relating to air traffic rights and services directly related to the exercise of these rights are excluded from coverage. More information on WTO services is available on the WTO website.
The commitments contained in the GATS can be divided into two broad groups: general obligations applicable to all members and services sectors and obligations that apply only to sectors on a member`s schedule of commitments. These obligations are set out in individual schedules, the scope of which can vary considerably from one member to another. The relevant terms and conditions are similar, but not necessarily identical to, those used in gatt; For example, domestic treatment is a general obligation in trade in goods and cannot be negotiated as under the GATS. Will TISA infringe On Canada`s right to regulate the provision of services within the country? TISA does not affect the right to regulation in the public interest, whether at the federal, provincial/territorial or local level. As in all of Canada`s existing free trade agreements, including the TISA, Canada reserves the right to maintain and adopt measures that promote or protect social values and the public interest. The Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) is a trade agreement negotiated by 50 countries, including EU member states and most of the world`s major economies, with the exception of the “BRICS” (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Negotiations for TiSA began in 2013 and were expected to conclude at the end of 2016, although there were delays at the eleventh hour. . . .